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Below is a brief historical timeline of concrete,

12,000,000 BC
 
Reactions between limestone and oil shale during spontaneous combustion occurred in Palestine to form a natural deposit of cement compounds.  
3000 BC
 
Egyptians used mud mixed with straw to bind dried bricks. Also furthered the discovery of lime and gypsum mortar as a binding agent for building the Pyramids.
3000 BC
Used cementitious materials to hold bamboo together in their boats and in the Great Wall. 
300 BC
Romans used slaked lime a volcanic ash called pozzolana, found near Pozzouli by the bay of Naples. They used lime as a cementitious material. Pliny reported a mortar mixture of 1 part lime to 4 parts sand. Vitruvius reported a 2 parts pozzolana to 1 part lime. Animal fat, milk, and blood were used as admixtures. 
193 BC
“Porticus Aemilia”, one of the largest buildings of ancient Rome was built using crushed stones.
200 AD
Almost two thousand years after it was built, the Pantheon's dome is still the world's largest unreinforced concrete dome.
Pantheon
Pantheon
After 400 AD
The art of Concrete was lost after the fall of the Roman Empire.
1678
Joseph Moxon wrote about a hidden fire in heated lime that  
appears upon the addition of water.
1756
John Smeaton, British Engineer, rediscovered hydraulic cement through repeated testing of mortar in both fresh and salt water.
1779
Bry Higgins was issued a patent for hydraulic cement (stucco) for exterior plastering use.
1796
 
James Parker from England patented a natural hydraulic cement by calcining nodules of impure limestone containing clay, called Parker's Cement or Roman Cement.
1812 -1813
Louis Vicat of France prepared artificial hydraulic lime by calcining synthetic mixtures of limestone and clay. 
1818
Maurice St. Leger was issued patents for hydraulic cement. 
1818
Canvass White, American Engineer, found rock deposits in Madison, County, New York, that made hydraulic cement with little processing.
1820-1821
John Tickell and Abraham Chambers were issued more hydraulic cement patents. 
1822
 
James Frost of England prepared artificial hydraulic lime like Vicat's and called it British Cement. 
1824
Joseph Aspdin, bricklayer and mason in Leeds, England, patented what he called portland cement, since it resembled the stone quarried on the Isle of Portland off the British coast.
1825
Erie Canal created the first great demand for cement in the US.
 
1828
I. K. Brunel is credited with the first engineering application of portland cement, which was used to fill a breach in the Thames Tunnel.
1850s
Jean-Louis Lambot was the first to use reinforcing in boats.
1854
William B. Wilkinson erected a reinforced concrete servants cottage.
1859-1867
Portland cement used in the construction of the London sewer system.
1867
Joseph Monier patented a design for reinforced garden tubs, beams and posts.
1868
The fist recorded shipment of portland cement to the US.
1850-1880
Francois Coignet, a builder in France, responsible for the first widespread use of concrete in buildings.
1871
David O. Saylor established the first portland-cement plant in the US in Coplay, PA.
1871-1875
William E. Ward builds the first landmark building in reinforced concrete in Port Chester, NY. Designed by Architect Robert Mook. 
William E.Ward_House
William E.Ward House
 
1883
Ward delivered a paper on the house to the Society of Mechanical Engineers.
 
1884
Earnest L. Ransom patented a reinforcing system using twisted rods.
1885
F. Ransome patented a slightly tilted horizontal kiln which could be rotated so the material moved gradually form one end to the other 
1887
 
Henri Le Chatelier of France established oxide ratios to prepare the proper amount of lime to produce portland cement. He named the components: Alite (tricalcium silicate), Belite (dicalcium silicate), and Celite (tetracalcium aluminoferrite). He proposed that hardening is caused by the formation of crystalline products of the reaction between cement and water.
1889
Alvord Lake Bridge, the first concrete reinforced bridge was built in America. It was built in 1889 by Ernest L. Ransome, an innovator in reinforced concrete design, mixing equipment, and construction systems.
1891
 
George Bartholomew placed the first concrete street in the USA in Bellefontaine, OH. which still exists. 
1904
Ingalls building using the Ransome system, was the first concrete skyscraper.
Ingalls Building
Ingalls Building
1870s
Francois Hennebique patented the Hennebique system. He was responsible for the widespread acceptance of reinforced concrete. 
1902
Thomas Edison was a pioneer in the further development of the rotary kiln. 
Thomas Edison - engineersdaily
Thomas Edison
1903
August Perre makes concrete an acceptable architectural material 
Perre builds 25 bis Rue Franklin and the Theatre Champs Elysee.
1904
Ingalls building, probably the beginning of high-rise concrete const. 
1916
Portland Cement Association was founded.  Portland Cement Association - engineersdaily 
1917
The US Bureau of Standards and the American Society for testing Materials established a standard formula for portland cement.
1919
Meis van der Rohe proposes concrete high-rises.
 
1922
The tallest concrete building was built 230 ft., the Medical Arts bldg., Dallas.
1922
The Church of Notre Dame du Raincy is a modern church built in 1922-23 by the French architects Auguste Perret and Gustave Perret. It is considered a monument of modernism in architecture, using reinforced concrete in a manner that expresses the possibilities of the new material.
1927
Eugene Freyssinet develops successful pre-stressed concrete. 
1930
Eduardo Torroja, designed the first thin shelled roof at Algeciras. 
1935
Eduardo Torroja, designed the Madrid Hippodrome.
Madrid Hippodrome - ENGINEERSDAILY
Madrid Hippodrome

1936
The first major concrete dams, Hoover Dam and Grand Coulee Dam, were built. 
Hoover Dam - engineersdaily
Hoover Dam


 
1935
Pier Luigi Nervi built the hangers for the Italian Air Force using thin shell construction.
1931
Le Corbusier builds Villa Savoye
Villa Savoye


 
1936
Frank Lloyd Wright was the one of the first to exploit the cantilever at Fallingwater.
Fallingwater
Fallingwater
1940s
Portland Cement Laboratories perfect air-entrained concrete. 
1947
FLLW builds on Meis's ideas at the Johnson wax tower.

Johnson Wax Tower
1956
FLLW builds the Guggenheim made of reinforced concrete .
Guggenheim
1957
Le Corbusier builds Ronchamp. 
Ronchamp - engineersdaily
Ronchamp
~1958
Felix Candela masters the concrete shell.
1958
Felix Candela builds the restaurant at Xochimilco.
1958
Executive House Hotel, Chicago, exceeds the Medical Arts record at 371 ft.
1959
Le Corbusier builds La Tourette.
1960
Bank of Georgia Building in Atlanta beats Executive House at 391 ft.
1961
Le Corbusier builds the government complex at Chandigarh India.
1962
Bertrand Goldberg's twin towers at Marina City marked the  
beginning of the use of reinforced concrete in modern skyscrapers and set the height record to 588 ft.
1964
1000 Lake Shore Drive beats Marina City at 640 ft. 6000 psi concrete in the lower columns was used for the first time.
1964
Place Victoria in Montreal, ht 624 ft. using 6000psi concrete columns.
1967
First concrete domed sport structure, the Assembly Hall, was constructed at The University of Illinois, at Urbana-Champaign.
1968
Lake Point Towers, 70 stories, 645 ft. 7500 psi concrete.
1970
One Shell Plaza, Houston, ht 714 ft., using 6000 psi concrete.
1970s
Fiber reinforcement in concrete was introduced. 
1975
Water Tower Place, 859 ft., 9000psi concrete using superplasticizers.
1985
Peak shipment of portland cement to the US increased to nearly 3 million barrels.
1985
The "highest strength" concrete was used in building the Union Plaza constructed in Seattle, Washington.
1989
Scotia Plaza Building, Toronto, 907 ft.
1990
311S Wacker and Two Prudential Plaza in Chicago sets new height record at 920 ft.
1996
Petronas Twin Towers, 1476 ft. 
Petronas Towers - engineersdaily
Petronas Towers









 
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