Materials constitute the foundation of technology. They include metals, polymers, ceramics, semiconductors, and composite materials. The fundamental concepts of materials science are crystal structures, imperfections, phase diagrams, materials processing, and materials properties. They are taught in most universities to materials, mechanical, aerospace, electrical, chemical, and civil engineering undergraduate students. However, students need to know not only the fundamental concepts, but also how materials are applied in the real world. Since a large proportion of undergraduate students in engineering go on to become engineers in various industries, it is important for them to learn about applied materials science.
Due to the multi functionality of many materials and the breadth of industrial needs, this book covers structural, electronic, thermal, electrochemical, and other applications of materials in a cross-disciplinary fashion. The materials include metals, ceramics, polymers, cement, carbon, and composites. The topics are scientifically rich and technologically relevant. Each is covered in a tutorial and up-to-date manner with numerous references cited. The book is suitable for use as a textbook for undergraduate and graduate courses, or as a reference book. The reader should have background in fundamental materials science (at least one course), although some fundamental concepts pertinent to the topics in the chapters are covered in the appendices.